The Witch's Circle

Aglaia Hirschlauf in English

Work with the Moon


Each phase of the moon brings with it a special energy for that phase of the lunar cycle. Everyone knows the moon affects the tides of the worlds oceans, but because we are mostly liquid ourselves, these phases also affect us. Understanding what these energies bring, help you to connect with and use those energies in your magikal rituals, meditations and even your daily life.


The New Moon

The New Moon phase is best used for personal growth, healing and blessing of new projects or ventures. It’s also a good time to cleanse and consecrate new tools and objects you wish to use during rituals, ceremonies or an up coming festival


Waxing – First quarter

At the first quarter, the moon sits at 9 o’clock. The sun, Earth, and moon form a right triangle on the left side of the clock. Here only half of the moon’s disk is illuminated. At first quarter, the moon rises 6 hours after the sun – at about noon. It reaches its highest point at sundown and sets around midnight. That means the moon can be seen during daylight hours in the afternoon.For several days after first quarter, the moon continues to wax but it is in a waxing gibbous phase instead of a waxing crescent. A gibbous moon is more than a quarter moon but less than a full moon. During this phase, the moon moves from 9 o’clock to 6 o’clock on the dial, and the sun-Earth-moon angle is getting larger – just like the moon’s phase.


Full Moon 

The Full Moon is best used for banishing unwanted influences in your life. Think of it as ‘shining a light’ on issues or challenges. It can also be a good time for creating protection magik and performing divination. You can use this time for releasing old patterns or issues, and open the door for healing by giving energy to positive patterns you’ll put in place. Full Moon magik can be conjured during the 3 days prior to the rise of the Full Moon, the night of the Full Moon and during the 3 days after.


Waxing – Last Quarter

The Waning moon is used for banishing and rejecting those things that influence us in a negative way. Negative emotions, diseases, ailments, and bad habits can all be let go and special spells for clearing negative energies from the self, home, ritual circle, tools and so on can be performed at this time. Simply remember that when you remove an energy, you want to fill the void with a more positive energy. So this is also a good time to consecrate the future with what you want it to be as you move forward.


Dark Moon – Void Of Course

The Dark Moon period occurs 3 days prior to the New Moon and it’s the shortest ‘phase’ of the moon. This is the time when you can’t see the moon in any phase. Typically no magic is performed during this time. This is the time to give yourself a break, to turn to self and pamper or replenish your own energies. Vision quests and deep meditations are called for at this time to focus on personal matters, questions and answers. The Void of Course moon is not recognized through astronomical means, it’s purely a nature based observance or astrological phase.

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Lunar Eclipse

A Lunar eclipse occurs when the moon passes into the Earth’s shadow. This type of eclipse does not occur every year. But when it does, it’s a wonderful and magikal night. It lasts for only a few hours, so you need to plan your rituals well in advance. A lunar eclipse on a full moon is perfect for all purposes. Simply plan your spells to coordinate with the passing shadow. When the moon is in full eclipse, treat those few moments as if the moon were in it’s Dark phase.



The Penumbral moon occurs when the moon passes into the outer shadow of the earth. This type of eclipse is hard to spot unless the moon is 70% into that shadow. These type of eclipses are more common and generally occur at least once a year. When you can see it, the lower part of the moon becomes distorted. During a waning phase for instance, the lower half of the moon will look blurred or smudged. Once again it’s a special night. This is the perfect night to honor the magik of the Goddess. No work or casting, just thankfulness and gratitude.


Blue Moon

A “Blue Moon” occurs when two full moons happen in one calendar month. Since the phase period of the moon is 29.5 days, you usually only have one full moon each month. But each month it’s a little earlier than the previous month and eventually you’ll find 2 full moons in a single month. This occurs about every 2.5 years, and the second full moon is called the “blue moon”. There is no physical difference in appearance, the second full moon looks like a regular full moon.
According to folklorists, the term “Blue Moon” is at least 400 years old. The earliest known references to a blue moon were intended as examples of improbable events or something that could never happen. As time passed the expression evolved to mean something that rarely or never happened. Hence the expression “Once in a Blue Moon” which is still popular today. In the pagan community, the origins of the meaning of a Blue Moon vary. And the legend or origin of these meanings cannot be substantiated. However, some believe the second full moon holds the knowledge of the Grandmother Goddess (or the Crone) and therefore contains the wisdom of the 3-fold the energy. This can be associated with the Goddess in her 3 forms of Maiden, Mother, Crone. It can also be associated with the 3 natures of self as Mind, Body, Spirit. In later evolutions as paganism began to be influenced by Christianity, this moon was associated with the Divine Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. In other pagan traditions the phases of the moon represent the transition of knowledge within the Goddess. The quarter moons representing the Maiden Goddess, the New Moon the Mother Goddess, the Full Moon the Grand Mother Goddess (which maybe one reason we refer to the moon as “Grandmother Moon”. The Blue Moon then is seen as the transition of the Grandmother or Crone to the Divine level of existence. She becomes an expression of evolution of wisdom, as well as an example of the circle of life. Another view is that the Blue Moon represents a time of heightened or clearer communication between our physical being and the Divine. Often the energy of the Divine is seen in the form of the Grandmother Goddess or the Crone Goddess. It can also be viewed as a link between the physical (masculine energy) and the spiritual (feminine energy), making communication with spirit easier and more apt to yield insightful and enlightened communications


Blood Moon

According  to folklore, October’s full moon is called the “Hunter’s Moon” or sometimes the “Blood Moon.” It gets its name from hunters who tracked and killed their prey by autumn moonlight, stockpiling food for the winter ahead. There are many different correspondence tables for Moon Names. But most do agree on the alias “Blood Moon” during the three months of fall when hunting and harvesting take place. Today the Blood Moon is typically associated with the first full moon nearest the Autumn Equinox, for us in the Northern Hemisphere that occurs in October. But it can occur as early as September (The Fruit Moon), and as late as November (The Beaver Moon) as the Earth tilts back away from the sun. Consequently these same affects can be seen in the Southern Hemisphere on the opposite side of the year, corresponding to the full moons of March, April and May. During the autumn months, The Blood Moon represents abundance, hunting, gathering and preparing for the cold winter months. It’s a time to honor the Harvest and Hunting Gods/Goddesses. Many festivals take place during this time to give thanks and appreciation for the bounty and stockpiles of plenty gathered by a clan or tribe. The Feast of the Hunter’s Moon is a long standing practice in Indiana where a living Native American history re-enactment takes place. But similar events can be found around the world and with varying names.  From a magical point of view, the same concepts can be enacted today for these full moons rituals. They can be used to bring abundance into your life in the form of finances, harvest, health, friendship and love. And to give thanks and honoring the blessings of the Harvest.


Blood Moon Eclipse

Occasionally, we can find a rare Blood Moon lunar eclipse. This can occur anytime of the year. But how does it happen? Well the Earth casts a long shadow that extends out into space. When the moon passes behind the Earth, opposite of the Sun, (in other words Earth is in the middle), we cast a long shadow that hides the moon. That’s what a lunar eclipse is.
Now let’s say you had a space ship and traveled out between the Earth and the Moon during an eclipse. Look out the window back at Earth and you’ll be looking at the dark side. The Earth will be in silhouette and what you’re seeing is every sunrise and sunset on Earth–all at once. This ring of light shines into Earth’s shadow, breaking the utter darkness you might expect to find there. Turn off the cockpit lights and look at the Moon and there’s a lovely red glow.
What’s in the Earths atmosphere will also affect the color or shade of red reflected on the Moon. According to NASA, following a volcanic eruption, for instance, dust and ash can turn global sunsets vivid red. The moon would glow vivid red, too. Lots of clouds, on the other hand, extinguish sunsets, leading to darker, dimmer eclipses. The Moon can shine as Pumpkin Orange to Deep Blood Red all depending on the Earth’s weather or natural events. Since an eclipse is an extra special event, it has a special energy and observance. Especially when it’s a rare Blood Moon eclipse. These special occasions are used for honoring and celebrating life, or the blood flow of life. This energy of the moon can be used to energize fertility, abundance, or communicate with spirit.






Lunar phases

Hello everybodyyyy!!

Do you know? One mounth ago I finished my University with a wonderful marker: 109/110. I am very happy and now I have time for read and write something for me and …above all for my practice and my blogs.  Today I want to talk about Moon.  I hope you enjoy this page and if you want leave me a comment.


Picture the movement of the moon in terms of a clock whose hands are moving backward. The moon rests on the clock’s hour hand, Earth sits at the clock’s center, while the sun shines far off in the direction of 12 o’clock. As the moon orbits counterclockwise around Earth, its position relative to the sun and Earth changes, giving us the varied phases of the moon. Each phase of the moon lasts approximately 5 days.

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The New Moon:

The first phase in the lunar cycle is the new moon. The moon is positioned between the sun and Earth at 12 o’clock. From Earth, the sun and moon appear to be in the same part of the sky and will rise and set together. The side of the moon that receives the sun’s light is facing away from Earth, so no moon is visible to us on Earth’s surface. On a very clear night, you might be able to make out a faint gray outlined view of the moon. This comes from the light of the sun being refracted off the Earth and back out to the moon. One day after the new moon, a faint sliver outline can be seen low on the western horizon at sunset. The moon has moved from new to a waxing crescent phase. As the moon continues in its counterclockwise orbit, the crescent grows larger, or waxes. One week later, the moon reaches its second primary phase, the first quarter moon. Accordingly, the moon has moved one quarter of the way around Earth.


The First Quarter

At the first quarter, the moon sits at 9 o’clock. The sun, Earth, and moon form a right triangle on the left side of the clock. Here only half of the moon’s disk is illuminated. At first quarter, the moon rises 6 hours after the sun – at about noon. It reaches its highest point at sundown and sets around midnight. That means the moon can be seen during daylight hours in the afternoon. For several days after first quarter, the moon continues to wax but it is in a waxing gibbous phase instead of a waxing crescent. A gibbous moon is more than a quarter moon but less than a full moon. During this phase, the moon moves from 9 o’clock to 6 o’clock on the dial, and the sun-Earth-moon angle is getting larger – just like the moon’s phase.


The Full Moon

When the moon reaches its 6 o’clock position, the phase is full. The side of the moon that faces Earth is fully illuminated – that large circle of light a certain two-year-old child (my son) called the moon ball. On the clock, the sun, Earth, and moon form a straight line. From Earth, the sun and moon appear to be at opposite ends of the sky. So as the sun sets, the moon rises. The full moon is now visible all night.Once it’s past full, the moon moves from 6 o’clock to 3 o’clock and the sun-Earth-moon angle begins to shrink. The moon’s phase is also getting smaller. It’s moving from waning gibbous to its third- or last-quarter phase.


 The Last Quarter Moon

This third-quarter moon sits at 3 o’clock on the phase dial, where the sun-Earth-moon angle is once again 90°, but this time it’s on the right side of the clock. From Earth, we see half of the moon’s disk illuminated – the side opposite as the one illuminated at first quarter. A third-quarter moon rises about six hours after the sun sets, reaches its highest point in the southern sky at dawn, and sets at about noon. As the moon orbits Earth (the inner circle) its position relative to the sun and Earth changes. This causes the lunar phases we see in our sky (the outer circle). In the week after the third quarter, the moon moves through its waning crescent phase to it’s dark phase.


The Dark Moon

About 3 to 5 days before the eventual return to the new moon phase, where the cycle begins again, the moon enters a dark phase. The moon sits at about 2:30 on the dial. Here the moon is neither illuminated by the sun (in a crescent phase), nor is it able to reflect the light of the sun providing an outline of it’s surface (as in the new moon phase). It is truly dark and seemingly has disappeared from the sky.


Each phase of the moon brings with it a special energy for that phase of the lunar cycle. How we can use the moon’so energy in our practice?

I will answer tomorrow 😄😘



The Witch’s Tools


The collection of my altar furniture and tools was for me one of the most exciting parts . I did not spend much because some objects was in my house and other tools I inherited from my grandfather. He was an artisan and during his life he realized wonderful knife and swords. When I visited a new town I am looking for an esoteric shop. Even if I only buy a book or a necklace I love to admire wonderful athame or wand.

Even if they are very important and their creation is a way to start the familiarization with Witchcraft,  they are NOT an extension of the magician and the do NOT possess the magic energy. They help us to direct the magic act bu don’ t create it. The witch’s tools are, with many other factors, determinants of the level of the ritual, but they are not the exclusive custodians of power.



The use of broom in magic and ritual is enough old. In pre Colombial Mexico existed Tlazelteotl, Goddess of Fertily who was represented on a broom.  In some beliefs a broom is placed above the door to to protect the inhabitants from evil and it is a good idea to sweep the ritual area before conducting any activity and before drawing the circle. With the broom we can remove all the negativities from the ritual area. Traditionally the handle is in Ash, the fibers are in Birch joined together with a Willow branch.


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The cauldron is an ancient container used to cook , boil or prepare infusions. It is considered the symbol of femininity, creativity and of the Goddess. It symbolizes the immortality and the inspiration.  During the spells you can use it to burn pieces of paper or herbs . During the spring rites it is filled with water and flowers , during winter ones you will light a fire under the cauldron or you can put inside some candels: it symbolizes the rebirth of God.




The cup is a little cauldron and is connected to the Goddess , fertility , and water.  Its function is to collect, store or disperse . Its symbolism is varied ,  the cup is the mind , the cave , the grave , it can be emptied or filled and it can contain ir feed . But the goblet can also envenom , cool and stagnate.
The Grimoire or Book of Shadows is the manual of witch that contains rituals , spells and useful information.
Although the tools are important and are a part of our magic way of life,  most important element still remains our mind , our spirit and our power.
I am sorry if the translate is not complete. I don’t traslate the entire italian article because I will talk about some details in another future post. I am sorry If there are many grammar mistakes!

Slavic Paganism – Part 2

With this article I will finish the part about Gods and I’ll start to write something about the Moon and after about Esbat!

Mokos: Goddess connected with female activities such as shearing, spinning and weaving


Mokoš is associated with femininity’, the sexuality, andò remake activities. For the ancient Slavs Makos was the protector of the fleece of the sheep. In the altars dedicated to Mokosh they placed various objects, such as a plant of basil, wool, scissors, maybe the old grandmothers scissors. As the offer is left of the milk. MOkos is the protector of the fleece andò sheeps. She appears as the spirit of the house in the guise of a woman with a big head and during the night she is sinning wool of the sheep. Before her appearance you can hear the sound of old spinning wheels. Her feast is celebrated between October 25 and November 1. Her day is Friday and the symbol is the yarn. His holy animal are the lamb and the snake. His stone is silver and moonstone.

Ziva, the Goddess of Fertility 

Ziva means life and you can understand that she  is connected to life. Like any female deity, Ziva has the characteristics of the Mother Goddess. However, the maternal aspect of Ziva is more relevant than in other slavic Goddess (Vesna, Lade). Ziva was a goddess who took care of the children and watched their fate. Her hair was the color of corn. In one hand she holds the apple, and in the other one some strawberries. There is an interesting legend about the hair of Ziva: her hair are burnt by an evil spirit and Svetovid, his companion, created from gold the new hair for Ziva. Ziva is pregnant during the summer andò this is the reason why it was forbidden to punch the blade into the ground. Men to please the Goddess of Fertility put flowers and fruits in statues carved with the image of Ziva. With the legend of the hair we can understand that the goddess was linked to the wheat. 


Vesna :  Goddess of spring and nature

Vesna was a goddess very popular among the people because it replaced the winter and death , that was Morana . with Vesna arrived the Spring , green grass and flowers. She was beautiful and powerful and all around her there was  wonderful scents. In the nineteenth century, Russian peasants celebrated the return of spring on March 1 by going out to the fields, carrying a clay figure of a lark on a pivot which had been decorated with flowers. They sang songs naming the spring season Vesna.The word “vesna” is still the poetic word for “spring” in the Slovene language, as well as Czech and Slovak. Also, vesna (Russian: весна́) is a Russian word for spring. The month February is sometimes named vesnar in Slovene language. In Slovene mythology, the beautiful women called “vesnas” lived in palaces atop mountains where they discussed the fate of crops and of human inhabitants. A magical circle around their palaces kept them from leaving the mountain top except during the month of February, when they woarrivedvel in wooden cartsdown to the valley below. Only certain people were capable of hearing them singing. People who snuck up to their mountain palaces might learn their fates, but risked an unpleasant end if they were caught by the vesnas.

Lada: the Goddess of Love and Fertility


Lada is the Slavic goddess of love and beauty . Associated with the planetary power of Venus , she is related not only to love and beauty but also fertility. She is linked with the sun,  rain and hot summer night , the perfect time for a love goddess . Animals associated with Lada were : the cock , the deer , the ant and the eagle , while his plants were : cherry, dandelion , lime and peony

Morana: Goddess of death and winter

Morana was the Slavic goddess of winter and death . As the goddess of winter she had never been loved by Slavic peoples , because she carried death , hunger , unbearable cold, diseases . Morana is a Baltic and Slavic goddess associated with seasonal rites based on the idea of death and rebirth of nature. She is often described as a demon and is associated with death, winter and nightmares. In Slavic rites the death of Marzanna towards the end of winter is juxtaposed against the birth of Jarilo – a Slavic god representing the coming of spring. The tradition of burning or drowning an effigy of Marzanna\Morana to celebrate the end of winter is a folk custom that survives in the Czech Republic, Poland, Lithuania, and Slovakia. In the past, the festival was held on the fourth Sunday of Lent. In the 20th century the date 21 March was fixed (20–21 March). The rite involves preparing an effigy in female clothing, and either setting it on fire or drowning in a river (or both). This is often performed during a field trip by children in kindergarten and primary schools. The effigy, often made by the children themselves, can range in size from a puppet to a life-size dummy. This ritual represents the end of the dark days of winter, the victory over death, and the welcoming of the spring rebirth. 


It concerns the “drowning of Marzanna,” a large figure of a woman made from various rags and bits of clothing which is thrown into a river on the first day of the spring calendar. Along the way, she is dipped into every puddle and pond … Very often she is burned along with herbs before being drowned and a twin custom is to decorate a pine tree with flowers and colored baubles to be carried through the village by the girls. There are of course many superstitions associated with the ceremony: you can’t touch Marzanna once she’s in the water, you can’t look back at her, and if you fall on your way home you’re in big trouble. One, or a combination of any of these can bring the usual dose of sickness and plague. — Tom Galvin, “Drowning Your Sorrows in Spring”,Warsaw Voice 13.544, March 28, 1999

Triglav: Three-headed god of war

Triglav is alegedly depicted as representation of three major Slavic gods that vary from one Slavic tribe to others that serve as the representatives of the above mentioned realms. An early variation included Svarog, Perun, and Dazhbog. Later, Dajbog was replaced by Svetovid or Veles. Triglav is usually described as a fusion of these gods. Triglav is depicted as a three-headed man sometimes with bands of (gold) blindfolds over his eyes, or a man with three goat heads. Several temples dedicated to Triglav existed near present-day Szczecin, Poland. During the period of Christianization, these temples and statues of Triglav were completely destroyed. According to the writing of Ebbo, Triglav’s heads were believed to represent sky, earth and the underworld. It was believed that Triglav has three heads because he ruled these three kingdoms and had a golden binding over his eyes and lips so he could not see people’s sins nor speak about them.

Zaria: the Goddess of beauty

Zaria or Zoria Is the goddess of beauty and the guardian of the night in Slavic paganism.

Ipabog: god of the hunt

Ipabog was a demigod in Wendish mythology. He was a famous hunter and a heroDepicted as a small figure with a huge head, with a long, straight beard, prominent cheekbones. He wears a round helmet with two horns and a formless gown which reaches down to the knees and is hung with hunting implements.

Gabija \ Matka  Gabia : Goddess of home and family

She is the spirit of the fire in Lithuanian mythology. She is the protector of home and family. Her name is derived from gaubti (to cover, to protect) . Gabija could take zoomorphic forms of a cat, stork or rooster,or she could appear as a woman clothed in red. Gabija was greatly respected and cared for like a living creature. People would feed Gabija by offering bread and salt. Fire had to be laid to bed – women would cover charcoal with ashes every evening so that fire would not wander around.Just as Gabija was the protector of the house, mother of the household was the protector of fire.Sometimes a bowl of clean water would be left near the hearth so that Gabija could wash herself.If angered, Gabija would “go for a walk” burning the house. Much folklore describes ill fate of those who offended Gabija by stomping, spitting, or urinating on fire. Matka Gabia  is the Polish goddess of home, hearth, and patron of their care. 

Siebog: God of love and marriage

Siebog is the God of love and marriage and the husband of Ziva

Sudice: the Fates

The Sudice are the Fates of Slavic mythology. Spirits of judgement that meted out fortune, destiny, judgement and in some cases, fatality, when a child was born. In Czech and Slovak languages, they are called Sudicky . They can also be found in Serbian mythology by the name of Sudice,Sudaje and in Polish mythology known as Rodzanice, Narecznice or Sudiczki. In Slovenian mythology are known as Sojenice and Rojenice. This is what the legend is roughly translated from the Czech Wikipedia page. Sudička is a figure in Slavic mythology. It tells the story of three old women spinners who approach cradles of every newborn child, and foretell their fate. The first has a big bottom lip from the continuous salivating the thread. The second has an inch-wide thumb from drafting the fiber and the third has a huge foot from pedaling on the spinning wheel. The fate will fulfill to the man, regardless as to whether he is a good man or a bad man.

Varpulis:  God of storm

He is An ancient deity known in Czech Republic, Slovakia,Lithuania, and Croatia. According to the mythology, he is a god of storm winds and companion of the thunder god Perun , running alongside his chariot. His breath was said to cause the noises heard during storms.

Žemyna:  the Goddess of Earth

Žemyna was first mentioned by Jan Łasicki (1582). It was later also described by Mikalojus Daukša (1595), Daniel Klein (1653), Matthäus Prätorius, Jacob Brodowski (1740), and in numerous folk legends, beliefs, and prayers.Prätorius described a ritual, called žemyneliauti, performed at major celebrations (e.g. weddings) or agricultural works (e.g. harvest). The head of the household would drink a cup of beer, but first he would spill some of the drink on the ground and say a short prayer. Then he would kill a rooster or a hen, which would be cooked and eaten by the entire family. Each family member would receive a loaf of bread and say prayers, blessings, and greetings. The bones and other scraps would be sacrificed to the goddess (burned or buried). Other recorded rites included burying bread baked from last crops of prior harvest in a field before new sowing and sacrifice of black piglet.People would also kiss the earth saying a short prayer thanking Žemyna for all her gifts and acknowledging that one day they will return to her.People addressed Žemyna in various affectionate diminutive names and epithets.

Zywie: the Goddess of health

Żywie, in Western Slavic mythology, was the goddess of health and healing.

Veles: the God of musiciant, cattle and magician

imagesQA29CM1MHe is a major Slavic god of earth, waters, forests and the underworld. His attributes are wet, wooly, hairy (bearded), dark and he is associated with cattle, the harvest, wealth, music, magic and trickery. He is the opponent of the Supreme thunder-god Perun, and the battle between two of them constitutes one of the most important myths of Slavic mythology .As such he has been imagined as a dragon, which in the belief of the pagan Slavs is a chimeric being, a serpent with a bear’s head and drooping hairy ears. His tree is the willow, like god Perun’s tree is the oak. Presumably it is not possible to conclusively determine a definite Etymology for the name of the god Veles. Though there are several Proto-Indo-European roots that are all closely related to the nature of Veles and his domains.One possibility is that the name derives from the Proto-Indo-European root *wel-, meaning wool (if so, the English word “wool” would actually be fairly closely related to the name of this god). Also Valhǫll (Valhalla) and valkyrja (Valkyrie) are also derived from the same root and relate to the deceased. This seems plausible, since in Slavic cosmology Veles in serpentine form is lying in a nest of black wool in the roots of the Tree of the World  and Veles is the shepherd of the dead. “Volos” is also the Russian word for “hair.” and Veles is hairy in his beastly form (bear, wolf).The Proto-Indo-European root *welg- also means humid, wet. Nothing is more connected with Veles than humidity and wetness. His domain is down, ‘у воду пот корч пот колоду’ (in the water, below the tree stub and the log). That is where Veles is in his place. The Russian philologists Vyacheslav Ivanov and Vladimir Toporov reconstructed the mythical battle of Perun and Veles through comparative study of various Indo-European mythologies and a large number of Slavic folk stories and songs. A unifying characteristic of all Indo-European mythologies is a story about a battle between a god of thunder and a huge serpent or a dragonperun-e-veles

The reason for the enmity between the two gods is Veles’s theft of Perun’s son, wife or, usually, cattle. It is also an act of challenge: Veles, in the form of a huge serpent, slithers from the caves of the Underworld and coils upwards the Slavic world tree towards Perun’s heavenly domain. Perun retaliates and attacks Veles with his lightning bolts. Veles flees, hiding or transforming himself into trees, animals or people. In the end he is killed by Perun, and in this ritual death, whatever Veles stole is released from his battered body in the form of rain falling from the skies. This ‘storm myth’, or ‘divine battle’, as it is generally called by scholars today, explained to ancient Slavs the changing of seasons through the year. The dry periods were interpreted as chaotic results of Veles’s thievery. Storms and lightning were seen as divine battles.


The ensuing rain was the triumph of Perun over Veles and the re-establishment of world order. On a deeper level, as has been said above, Perun’s place is up, high and dry and Veles’ down, low and wet. Ancient Slavs viewed their world as a huge tree, with the treetop and branches representing the heavenly abode of gods and the world of mortals, while the roots represented the underworld. And while Perun, seen as a hawk or eagle sitting on a tallest branch of tree, was believed to be ruler of heaven and living world, Veles, seen as a huge serpent coiling around the roots, was ruling the world of dead. This was actually quite a lovely place, described in folk tales as a green and wet world of grassy plains and eternal spring, where various fantastic creatures dwell and the spirits of deceased watch over Veles’s herds of cattle. In more geographical terms, the world of Veles was located, the Slavs believed, “across the sea”, and it was there the migrating birds would fly to every winter. In folk tales this land is called Virey or Iriy. Each year, the god of fertility and vegetation, Jarilo, who also dwelt there during winter, would return from across the sea and bring spring into the world of the living. Veles also regularly sent spirits of the dead into the living world as his heralds. Festivals in honour of him were held near the end of the year, in winter, when time was coming to the very end of world order, chaos was growing stronger, the borders between worlds of living and dead were fading, and ancestral spirits would return among the living. This was the ancient pagan celebration of Velja noc (Great Night), the relic of which still persists among many Slavic countries in folk customs of Koleda, a kind of combination of carnival and Halloween, which can happen anywhere from Christmas up to end of February. Young men, known as koledari or vucari, would dress in long coats of sheep’s wool and don grotesque masks, roaming around villages in groups and raising a lot of noise.


They sang songs saying they traveled a long way, and they are all wet and muddy, an allusion to the wet underworld of Veles from which they came as ghosts of dead. The master of any house they visited would welcome them warmly and present them with gifts. This is an example of Slavic shamanism, which also indicates Veles was a god of magic and wealth. The gifts given tokoledari were probably believed to be passed onto him (which makes him very much like a dragon hoarding treasure), thus ensuring good fortune and wealth for the house and family through the entire year. Veles’s portrayal as having a penchant for mischief is evident both from his role in Storm myth and in carnival customs of Koledari shamans. He  is a trickster God. Since magic was and is closely linked to music in many societies, particularly earlier ones, Veles was also believed to be protector of travelling musicians. For instance, in some wedding ceremonies of northern Croatia (which continued up to the 20th century), the music would not start playing unless the bridegroom, when making a toast, spilled some of the wine on the ground, preferably over the roots of the nearest tree. The symbolism of this is clear, even though forgotten long ago by those still performing it: the musicians will not sing until a toast is made to their patron deity.Veles’s main practical function was protecting the cattle of Slavic tribes. Often he was referred to as skotji bog, meaning “cattle-god”. One of his attributes, as mentioned, were horns of bull or a ram, and probably also sheep’s wool.

Cattle, bear and snake – Veles’ symbols

As stated already, Veles was a god of magic, and in some folk accounts, the expression presti vunu (weaving wool) or, particularly, crnu vunu presti (weaving of black wool) stands as allusion to magical crafts. In some of surviving Koledo songs, Koledari sing they are coming along and “weaving black wool”.Thus, being a “wooly” god, Veles was considered to be a protector of shepherds, which reveals one additional trait of his enmity with Perun, who, as a giver of rain, would be god of farmers. Veles, however, did have some influence over agriculture, or at least harvest. Among many Slavic nations, most notably in Russia, a harvest custom persisted of cutting the first ear of wheat and tying it in a sort of amulet which protected the harvest from evil spirits. This was called the “tying of Veles’s beard”, which also indicates Veles was imagined to be bearded. In several South Slavic languages, witty expressions such as puna šaka brade (full fist of beard) or, particularly, primiti boga za bradu (“to grab [a] god by [the] beard”, the forgotten god in this expression most likely being the pagan Veles), allude to exceptionally good fortune and gaining of wealth. He is also rappresented like a man with ram horns. The presence of antlers and horns refer to a concept of masculinity , sexuality and male potency . His mischievous nature derived  not only from its being cheater ,but even from his love of music and magic . his wife is Decana


Offerings: chicken hearts, cooked corn, basil, barely, wheat, dogwood, mistletoe, bread, mead, plum brandy, desert wine, music

Alter-Work: black animal motifs, ram horns, black wool/fur, cow bell, herb bundle, musk, wooden icon

Spaces: forest crossroads, river banks, rowan or dogwood groves, commerce centers, home

Day: Wednesday

Rites: Veles controls the material forces that abound amid all human interaction. He should receive a libation before playing musical instruments. The Vucari/Zvoncari dress up like the Horned God following the new year to both scare off and invoke the powers of the fearsome spirits of the ancestral dead. Very similar to Pan, he is both a psychopomp and a rustic god of the forest. Prosperity magic is done by summoning Veles near a riverbank. Honor your merchants, musicians and artists!

Animals: black bear, black ram, black dog, black sheep, snakes

Devana: Goddess of hunt

devanaDevana is the goddess of forests and hunting . His name contains the word deva , which means virgin or young girl . she has inside the power  of a wild and unrestrained femininity, which had not  been possessed by a man . Devana was considered an horse-goddes  and the marriage between Veles and Devana was initially characterized by a refusal to Devan. The God , turning into a flower of basil , was able ‘ to appease the wild Goddess.As his wife Devana helped Veles to overcome difficulties and she is also joined to lakes and rivers . Her sacred trees are the core and willow.

Offerings: venison (anything hunted), mugwort, mullen, toothwort, wolfsbane, wormwood, dragons wort, davana, basil, elm (living fire) silver, loch of hair

Alter-Work: forest animal motifs, bear, fox or marten skin, silver, moonstone, stone icons

Spaces: forests, elm groves, wooded mountains

Day: Monday

Rites: Devana is an ancient Slavic deity dating back to the cult of Artemis. She embodies the powers of wildlife in all its forms. Slavic witches in the Balkans regularly call on Devana (better known as Forest Mother) in all manner of spell work. She is a very powerful Goddess and may be temperamental when approached with unclear intent. Be certain in your approach and carry basil and garlic for protection. Honor your pets and wildlife!

Animals: mare, bear, marten, fox

Chuma: Goddess of  Deads


Chuma is the Slavic goddess of death , daughter of Veles . she is a pale woman with long white hair and a dress of the same color . she has a silver scissor and she used it to cut the thread of life and helps the dead in their initial journey to the underworld . Even if Chuma is the Goddess of the dead she is generally viewed as a benign presence and is called by those who are dying to help them to have a peaceful transition .




glagolitic script, Runes & Divination

Hello guys!! This is an article about an ancient slavic alphabet that it can be used to peer into the future and inside us….


The Glagolitic script is the first known Slavic system of writing. It predates the Cyrillic alphabet by a couple hundred years, and was originally thought to have been developed by Methodius, the brother of St Cyril, creator of Cyrillic. Glagolitic itself doesn’t appear on the scene until 862 when it was developed by Methodius’ monks at the behest of Prince Ratislav in Great Moravia. This was presumably done to aid the Christian conversion of his subjects but was in fact a more pragmatic political maneuver to provide catholic liturgy in the native tongue as a means of weakening the influence of Frankish priests in the area. Glagolitic was thought to have, at first, been developed to serve the Slavic speakers of Bulgaria and Macedonia since Cyril and Methodius were both from Thessaloniki.


Az | A (Eng. I)

The first letter Az is the proto-Slavic word for “I”. The trident shape is reminiscent of the Hindu god Shiva, and this letter could signify the three principles of Jav, Nav and Prav. It may also represent the primeval god Rod united with Rozhanitsa, the triple goddess of fate who dwells below the world tree/pillar, which is suggested by the central ligature. Rod was thought to be first among the gods and is a derivative of the Hindu god Rudra, another name for Shiva. Some stories say he churned the cosmos into existence, himself having been pulled apart in process, similar to the “dance” of Shiva and Shakti (notice the churn-like shape?).

Divination: The self, beginnings, unpredictability, birth and fate, a journey is being embarked upon, a magician, presence of Rod/Rozhanitsa

 Magical uses: Inner work, self-expression, to begin a creative project, a amulet/talisman for magicians, to summon Rod/Rozhanitsa


Buka | B (Eng. sound, noise)

Buka means “sound”. There are four extended ligatures here, perhaps denoting the four elements. To me this is symbolic of the demiurge, the divine blacksmith Svarog who forged Jav, the reality we live in, via his metallurgical skill. Metallurgy requires mastery over the four elements; the unrefined iron ore (earth) is melted in a forge (fire) kept hot using bellows (air) then cooled with water and formed betwixt hammer and anvil (the spirit of the male and female respectively). Now imagine the repetitive sound of metal clashing as the tribal Blacksmith forged tools and weaponry.

 Divination: skill, craft, dexterity, a course of events set in motion, a project is underway, spirit of a blacksmith, presence of Svarog

Magical uses: to marshall elemental forces, to meditate upon the elements, an amulet/talisman blacksmiths, to summon Svarog


Vedi | V (Eng. view; see)

Like the Roman sibyls and Germanic völvas of old, the Slavs were known for their vedmas, female seers like Baba Vanga whose prophetic visions are the stuff of legend even today. The word “vedma” took on a derogatory meaning during the witch-hunts of the late medieval period. That said, vedit means “to see”, but not merely in the optical sense, but the ability to understand things that are hidden to most others. This sigil is about esotericism and foresight. Interestingly enough, in northern Croatia a class of large, hairy forest spirit are called ‘vedi’. They could shapeshift and hid in the forests often disguised as trees, steering wanderers off their path. Their eyes were bright yellow. These are no different than the leshy known elsewhere in the East. The letter’s shape could signify two eyes. 

Divination: foresight, prophesy, occult knowledge, a person of great vision, spirit of a witch or prophetess, presence of vedi/leshy

Magical uses: to obtain prophetic vision, to alter perceptions, to view vila and other forest spirits, an amulet/talisman for prophets and witches, to summon a vedi/leshy


Glagoljo | G (Eng. verb; words; ripples)

Glagolje are words. The word itself is derived from the much older Slavic word for “ripples” which is to say this letter not only represents words, but also the effects of those words. This sigil is builds upon the polarity we find in the previous letter but with an emphasis on form rather than function. This is about vibration, resonance and the relationship between cause and effect. Notice the flower shape of the letter? This, coupled with the etymological connection to water, brings to mind the divine twins of the northern European fertility cults. Here we can think of Freyr and Freya, Lada and Lado, Jarilo and Jarila or Ljelj and Ljelja. We are now able to “see” through the eyes of another. This is life’s most precious mystery – how two become one.

Divination: words, becoming, self-expression, growth, spirit of a maiden, presence of Lada (Jarila) 

Magical uses: to compose song, poetry or literature, to aid horticulture, to encourage personal growth, an amulet/talisman for young women, to summon Lada (Jarila)


Dobro | D (Eng. right; good)

This sigil is about leadership, right action and logic as ‘dobro’ is the Slavic word for “good” or “right”. It’s shape looks a like a throne. It might belong to Perun, the arbiter of Prav, from Russian pravda meaning “truth”. Now notice the ax-head shape of the letter. As the Slavic thunder god, Perun is responsible for lightening strikes. His name is likely a derivative of the god Parjanya, an epithet for Indra the thunderer. When lightening struck, the ground often split open revealing arrowheads from the ancient neolithic cultures long past. Slavic peasants collected these “thunderstones” believing them to be sent from the god himself and used them as amulets to protect their homes and stables.

Divination: truth, right action, protection, authority, the spirit of a soldier or warrior, presence of Perun

Magical uses: for physical protection, to evoke thunder or hail-storm, to gain divine retribution, an amulet/talisman for warriors, to summon Perun


Jest | E (Eng. exists; is)

Questions of an existential nature are purview of this sigil. To denote that a thing exists the word ‘jest’ is used in most Slavic languages. What existed in pagan times is different from what exists today. The world was populated by gods and spirits then, not atoms and molecules. The priests and priestesses of the local cult mediated health and welfare of the population, whereas men and women in suits and lab coats play this role for us today. Unfortunately due to christian colonization Rodnovery has very few . It should be noted that this letter is also similar at  Euro, the currency of exchange in the European Union. This would speak to the power of trade and commerce. If true this letter may connect to Veles, the deity believed to be the arbiter of exchange. We know this because Nestor’s Primary Chronicle says his worship occurred in the central market of Kiev, away from the exalted position of the other gods.

Divination: money, wealth, trade, commerce, an existential question, the spirit of a merchant, priest or priestess, presence of Veles

 Magical uses: to attract money, to grow wealth, to aid in trade or commercial endeavors, an amulet/talisman for merchants, herdsmen, priests or priestesses, to summon Veles.


Živite | Zh (Eng. to live)

Živite means “to live”. Life is a balance between the needs of the group and the needs of the individual. When we live in a balanced way our families and tribes grow in strength and numbers. This brings to mind the goddess Živa, whose cult image in the Saxon Chronicle depicted her on an island. In the right hand she held a golden apple – in the left she held grapes. This symbolizes the dance between life and death, pain and pleasure, responsibility and desire. This letter is nearly identical to Vedi, save for the v-shaped ligature at the top. This suggests a continuation of the role of vision in life. Though the gods present us with numerous challenges, ultimately is up to us to decide how we view the situation – is it a gift or a curse?

 Divination: health, wellbeing, vitality, choice, responsibility, perspective, presence of Živa

Magical uses: to heal from trauma, to make tough decision, to reconcile competing desires/needs, an amulet/talisman for doctors and healers, to summon Živa


Dzelo | Dz (Eng. work; action)

This sigil is about momentum and power. ‘Dzelo’ means “work” or “action”. The letter’s top ligature reaches forward like sales in the wind bringing to mind a sailboat, perhaps even a chariot, oxen cart or man on horseback. Work of all kinds can be seen in this letter. Ultimately what propels life forward is this inherent survival instinct, the eternal march toward progress. This could represent the solar chariot of Dažbog, which seems congruent given the letter’s phonetics. Like the Sun, our work never stops.

 Divination: work, career, success, fame, heroism, spirit of a laborer, presence of Dažbog

Magical uses: to attract new job opportunities, to excel in job interviews, to achieve success in any endeavor, an amulet/talisman for workers and job-seekers, presence of Dažbog


Zemlja | Z (Eng. earth)

‘Zemlja’ is the Slavic word for “earth”. The Earth is perhaps the oldest Slavic Goddess. The letter’s shape seems related to Glagoljo (words). This makes sense if we take Lada to represent water and Mat Zemlja to represent the earth – the two primal female elements. The curved ligature at the bottom indicates that an chthonic power, or “root”, resides below the terrestrial power we found in Glagoljo. This letter demonstrates how our words, or thoughts, crystallize and take on material form over time. This is the relationship of mind and matter as it is tethered to the Earth’s process of growth and decay. We reap what we sow.

 Divination: foundation, resolve, patience, fastidiousness, growth cycles, a trial of endurance, spirit of a mother, presence of Mat Zemlja

Magical uses: to build strong foundations, to encourage resolve, patience and endurance, in manifestation work, an amulet/talisman for mothers, to summon Mat Zemlja

120px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Izhe.svgIže | I (Eng. behind; beyond)

Iže is an article word in most Slavic tongues meaning “behind” or “beyond”. The central hourglass ligature then may represent an axis mundi of sorts, balanced at either side by a past (behind) and future (beyond). The letter has a very mercurial feel to it, reminding me very much of the horned god Veles, but more so of the three-headed god known as Triglav. Triglav was reported to have been blindfolded so as to “not see the sins of men”. This brings to mind the paradoxical deities like Odin who gives an eye so that he may see the true reality. This letter is evocative of a transitory figure, one who walks the three worlds, defying our concepts of time and space – one who represents the pagan trinity as observed in countless traditions from Egyptian to Celtic.

 Divination: mystery, paradox, ambiguity, a seeker after wisdom, spirit of an ancestral sage, presence of Triglav

Magical uses: to travel the three realms, to see past and future events, to reconcile paradox, to contemplate the mysteries, and amulet/talisman for wisdom seekers, to summon Triglav

120px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_I.svgI | Y (Eng. and; or)

This word means “and” in all Slavic languages and is clearly related to the previous letter Iže. The hourglass shape may suggest something to do with time. Take away the two “heads” from Iže and you have this letter. If those heads represented past and future as we suggested previously, perhaps this represents the present moment? The two “heads” could also signify the paradoxical principles of Nav and Prav, making I the symbol for Jav – our present reality. This all suggests an emphasis on the here and now. This conjures images of the Slavic Fates called ‘Suđenica’, or ‘Doyla’ and ‘Nedoyla’, an east Slavic conception for the binary nature of fortune.

Divination: fate, chance, fortune, possibility, spirit of luck, presence of the Fates.

 Magical uses: to alter or skew fate, to live in “the now”, an amulet/talisman for gamblers, to summon the Fates.

120px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Djervi.svgĐervo | J (Eng. wood; timber)

Wood provides curious imagery for the twelfth letter in the Azbuka. Wood is a symbol of civilization. Timber has to be cut from the forest before being processed into wood for building. Wherever urbanization occurred, walls were built to separate the civilized world from the wilds outside. Laws soon followed to maintain the social order. Here I recall the dark goddess Dzevana, the virgin huntress of the forest and I’m also reminded of the Wendish goddess Zaria, a protectress to whom warriors made morning sacrifices at dawn. Together they symbolize the liminal boundary between night and day, as well as the metaphorical “hedge” separating the rustic wilderness from urban civilization. Both goddesses were associated with the planet Venus and together they may well represent the Zoryas as understood in Russia – personifications of the morning and evening star.

 Divination: law, court case, an injustice, social order, an enclosure, spirit of a law enforcement officer, judge, lawyer, presence of Zaria or Zoryas.

Magical uses: to win a court case, to establish order, to protect gates, fences, enclosures, an amulet/talisman for lawyers, judges, cops and security guards, to summon Zaria or the Zorya.

2000px-Glagolitic_kako.svgKako | K (Eng. how)

Kako means “how” in all Slavic languages. This letter is perhaps the most peculiar of all. It almost resembles a door hinge or a lever of some kind. Whenever we ask “how?”, as opposed to “who?”, “what?”, “when?” and “where?”, the answer is always subjective and open to interpretation. The cliche that there are “two sides to every story” comes to mind here, and the deviated ligature might suggest such an impasse. These sorts of hang-ups lead the questioner to ponder the limitations of their own perception, perhaps gaining insight into a different perspective. Once there, we often find that our commonalities outweigh our differences. It may also speak to how the meaning of other letters in a spread might play out.

 Divination: a different reality or new perspective, a possibility ignored or hidden, limiting belief systems are being confronted, how an event indicated by other letters will play out

Magical uses: to see new realities and perspectives, to uncover hidden or unknown possibilities, to find an innovative solution to a problem, to challenge limiting beliefs, to gain insight into “how” an events will play out, an amulet talisman for ??


Ljudije | L (Eng. people)

This letter is named after the Slavic word for “people”. Of all the creatures on earth, humans have conscious awareness of self and thereby understand the concept of time and the limitations it presents. The implications of this knowledge is the source of most human suffering. That said, it is also the source of human ingenuity, hence (again) the binary shape of the letter. This connects directly to Vedi (to view) and Živite (to live). While we are living we possess this unique form of awareness, a point of view if you will, that separates us from the rest of the animal kingdom. This could be the ‘key of the ancestors’.

 Divination: legacy, inheritance, culture, heritage, group thought, spirit of the ancestors

Magical uses: to manage legacy and inheritance, to honor culture and heritage, to manipulate groups of people, an amulet/talisman for leaders and politicians, to summon the ancestors

Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Myslite.svgMislite | M (Eng. to think)

In order to make sense of the mysteries of life and death it is necessary to think using both right and left brain hemispheres. Mislite reflects that balanced flow and integration. The letter has a very flowing, feminine appearance bringing to mind the grain goddess Mokoš. She taught the art of weaving linen and flax to Slavic women. Her name is etymologically related to mokhri, an old Slavic word for “wet”. The other half of Mislite could then represent the goddess Morena, who’s bitter winters froze the waters and made life difficult for people, but whose role was necessary for the renewal of the grain crop in Spring.

 Divination: thought, deliberation, meditation, symbiosis/bipolarity, mental (im)balance, a situation that demands careful thought, spirit of a grandmother, the presence of Mokoš or Morena

Magical uses: to support critical thinking, to aid meditation, to promote homeostasis and mental balance, an amulet/talisman for textile makers and homemakers, a talisman for Mokoš or Morena

Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Nashi.svgNaš | N (Eng. our)

This is the Slavic word for “our”. Its interesting to note that Dzelo (work) and Đervo (wood) both contain this ligature. The former we linked to Dažbog and the latter we connected to the Zorya.  This could speak to the relationship between Dažbog and his daughters, the Zorya. If so, it could represent the Serbian folk deity Dabog – Dažbog’s chthonic alter-ego, whom west Slavs worshiped as Svarozich (little Svarog). “Wood”, then, is “worked” to produce fire. Like Dažbog/Dabog, fire is dualistic by nature – it can heat the home just as easily as it can burn it down. It’s impermanent and requires wood be harvested to in order to maintain it. This speaks to our attachment to material things and a desire for security that stems from the evolutionary programming of thousands of years worth of bio-survival instincts. This possessiveness can negatively alter our destiny and karma – but only if we let it. Nearly everything we claim as “ours” is in fact something impermanent, so while we should cherish the things we have, we should not be miserly to those in need. The heathen expression “We are our deeds” (not our things!) comes to mind as the ideal mantra.

 Divination: energy, need, desire, attachment, possession, hoarding, spirit of the hearthfire, presence of Dabog or Svarozich

Magical uses: to boost energy, to win an object of desire, to impose one’s will (in tandem with other letters), an amulet/talisman for home and hearth, to summon Dabog or Svarozich

240px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Onu.svgOn | O (Eng. his)

On(a) means “his” or “hers”. Whereas Naš (ours) begs us to recall the axiom “we are our deeds (i.e. actions)”, On seems to add the caveat, “we are our consequences”. In the West, we think of ourselves as autonomous. The truth is we’re constantly being influenced by the external forces around us in ways we are rarely conscious of. Our actions cast ripples that span the cosmos and likewise, we are being bombarded by the ripples of others. This sigil is about other people/ entities who influence our lives. This letter might correspond to Stribog, Perun’s shadow. But like Morena, Stribog is necessary for the regeneration of life. Lightning strikes infuse soil with nitrogen and the wind spreads seeds and spores that spring forth new life.

 Divination: other persons, rivals, experience, trauma, external influences/ spirits, presence of Stribog

Magical uses: to negate or inflict trauma, to cast or reverse a hex, to expel unwanted spirits or people, an amulet/talisman for protection/maleficium, to summon storms/ Stribog

120px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Pokoji.svgPokoj | P (Eng. peace; room; space)

Like Mislite, this ligature resembles (somewhat) its Latin phonetic equivalent. Its meaning is derived from the south Slavic word for “peace”. There is a bit of optimism in play here finally. Peace is the reward for perseverance. This letter may also connect to the Zorya, but more specifically to Zvjezda Danica, the morning star, due to the hopeful presence it heralds. Interestingly, the word pokoj in other contexts means “room” or “space” which fits well in the context of stars residing in the vast ocean of the night sky. It is the feeling that a weight has been lifted off your shoulders and represents hope and renewal.

 Divination: peace, hope, healing, renewal, harmony, spirit of a monk or peacemaker, presence of Danica

Magical Uses: to promote renewal, to resolve conflict, to heal physical and emotional wounds, an amulet/talisman for monks and peacemakers, a talisman for Danica.

120px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Ritsi.svgReći | R (Eng. say; tell)

Reći means “to say” or “make words”. It was through sounds and words that the first humans learned to communicate using abstraction. The peace and serenity of Pokoj that followed the disruptive forces of the previous letters make way for a clean slate; one in which the a new seed can germinate. Many traditions tell of a god speaking or breathing life into existence. Whereas Glagoljo represented the word itself, Reći symbolizes the act of saying it. The letter’s shape reminds me of a pregnant woman. The potential for new life is quickened and rebirth is imminent. Words have magical as well as communicative power. Many of us have experienced the phenomenon of speaking something into existence. To me this letter represents Rozhanitsa, the female consort, or aspect of, Rod whom we connected to the first letter Az. Rozhanitsa (plural Rozhanitsy) was celebrated as a deity of midwives and today her name denotes a woman in childbirth.

 Divination: talk, speech, gossip, rumor, a message, to come into being, birth, spirit of a midwife, presence of Rozhanitsa

Magical Uses: chanting, mantra work, to aid a speech, song, or poetry performance, manifestation, to aid childbirth, an amulet/talisman for midwives, to summon Rozhanitsa

Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Slovo.svgSlovo | S (Eng. letter; sign; script)

Slovo means “letter” or “sign”. This is the clear visual abstraction that corresponds to the vibrational nature of the previous letter. The top ligature has a very solar appearance. Although Dažbog is considered the chief solar god, the sun-fire itself was called Sunce. She was a female or gender neutral deity in Baltic religion, as it seems Dažbog supplanted her in this role among Slavs during the migration period. That said, the sun isn’t the only celestial body of light in the sky – this could also represent the moon, known as Mesyats, a male deity said to be the uncle or brother of the sun, or perhaps Lunica, a female lunar deity worshiped in some west Slavic traditions. That said, my intuition tells me that this letter best connects to Svantevit, the “bright god” whose cult was so beloved by the Baltic Slavs and who’s midsummer rites lived on in the cult of St. Vitus. This is the word itself coming alive.

 Divination: a sign, an omen, an email, a letter, spirit of a child, presence of Svetovid

Magic: Glagolitic magic, to aid in writing or blogging, to aid vision quests or solar rites, an amulet/talisman for children, to summon Svetovid

Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Tvrido.svgTrvdo | T (Eng. hard; solid)

This is a Slavic word for “solid”. The twin pillars we saw in Vedi (to see/ understand), Zivite (to live) and Ljudje (people) reappear here in Trvdo. This letter is simply Vedi inverted. What we have seen has now become reality (seeing is believing!). This calls upon the idea of human destiny. Our understanding and lived experiences shape us in a unique way unlike any other species on the planet. We have the unique ability to understand, create and communicate through the use of abstraction and analogy. The things we create, whether ideological, technological or otherwise have reshaped the natural world in unparalleled ways. But before any of that could take place, we had to have the vision to see it. This letter seems to represent the finished product of human creativity, whatever that may be – for good or for for ill. In the end however, all those things return to the wilderness – to Devana, the first vedma.

 Divination: destiny, completion, manifestation, finished product, creation, spirit of an artist or creative, presence of a Devana

Magical Uses: manifestation, law of attraction, to complete a project, an amulet/talisman for artists and creatives, to summon Devana

120px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Uku.svgUk | U (Eng. end, abolish)

This letter is of uncertain etymological origin but the most popular interpretation is that is derived from the South Slavic root word uk, from Serbo-Croatian ukinuti, meaning “to abolish”. The shape of the letter is a combination of the Glagolitic letters On (his/hers) and I (and). This letter indicates that an individual is ‘losing themselves’ in the gravitational pull of the external other. This calls to mind the “sacred marriage” motif and the idea of dissolution. This is the kind of attraction that causes us to “lose our ourselves” and become one with our mate. That sense of self is called the ‘um’, the third aspect of the tripartite soul along with rod and život. This letter might represent our um (mind/psyche) as it is pulled into the void by the overwhelming force of gravity in our quest to find the truth of who we really are. All things that were once solid in Trvdo have now been dismembered.

 Divination: dissolution of identity/ego, liberation, loss of self, absolution, absorption,

Magical Uses: to attract something, to attract a lover, to abolish the ego, to transcend dialectic thinking, working with the um (mind/psyche),

2000px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Fritu.svgFrt | F (Eng. ?)

This letter’s translation is uncertain, but what is certain is its identity. It is identical to the Cyrillic letter F and the Greek letter Phi and thus might have been borrowed from these alphabets at a later date. This may be due in part to the fact the original Slavic language had very little use for this letter’s phonetics and many of the F-words (no pun!) that appear in Slavic languages today are in fact loanwords from other languages. This continues the sacred marriage idea a step further – the letter combines the circular (feminine) and vertical (masculine) forms, symbolizing the genesis of the creative act itself. A power is produced here – the život, or life-force energy, as it gestates once again in principle of matter, or Jav.

 Divination: life-force energy, sexual energy, intercourse, a union of opposites, harmony

Magical Uses: energy work, tantra, sex magic, for fertility, to improve labido, working with the život (life-force energy).

120px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Heru.svgHjer | H (Eng. caprice)

This letter is of uncertain translation as well, but may be connected to the Serbo-Croatian root word hir, meaning “caprice” or “whimsy”. If this is so, it might imply spontaneous action, perhaps even spiritual revelation or rebirth Notice that this letter is nearly identical to Glagoljo which we connected to the summer fertility Goddess Lada (Jarila). I’m inclined to identify this letter with Jarilo (Lado), the spring aspect of the fertility god Svantevid. The fact that spiritual revelation might be connected to this letter makes even more sense given what we know about the cult of St Vitus in the middle ages, whose rites were accompanied by song and ecstatic dance. May Eve festivals in honor of Jarilo are full of fertility imagery celebrating the capricious nature of love and emotion – one minute we are hot, the next we are cold – just like the solar cycle that Jarilo embodies. To everything there is a season!

 Divination: capriciousness, impermanence, spontaneity, an unexpected occurrence, a young man, presence of the god Jarilo

Magical Uses: to aid ecstatic ritual, to bolster self confidence, to ‘get out of a rut’, luck in all things, growth of crops, a amulet/talisman for young men, to summon Jarilo

220px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Otu.svgOt | Ø (Eng. from)

This letter means “from” in most Slavic languages and the circular shape is no different from its Cyrillic, Latin and Greek counterparts, save from its stylized presentation here. The interpretation is pretty straight forward then; this is about origin. This could connect to Rod, or perhaps what preceded him – those archaic ideas of a cosmic egg so well preserved in Slavic Easter customs. The ritual making of pzanki comes to mind – “pzanki” means “loop” in Serbo-Croatian. This seems to symbolize the idea of rod, our ancestral inheritance and epigenetic memory, for we are all Jarila and Jarilo or Lada and Lado, who rise from the bardo of Navi at birth and return to it when we die.

 Divination: primal origins, liminality, an opening or opportunity, beginnings and endings, birth and death

Magical Uses: connecting with the world of the dead, to open liminal space, to achieving psychic integration, contemplating the highest mystery,  working with the rod

This ends the 24 letter AzBuka. Šta (the 25th letter) is microcosm of the whole alphabet – a formula that symbolizes the complete mystery in one letter. The remaining letters are simply derivatives or extrapolations of the others in the original 25.


Šta | Scha (Eng. what)

This is the word for “what” in most modern Slavic languages. The letter bears resemblance to its Cyrillic equivalent. Esoterically, the question of “what?” might suggest we are getting closer to identifying the source of the great Slavonic mystery. The letter is a combination of Az (I), Buka (sound), and Slovo (word), which we connected to Rod, Svarog, and Dažbog. Therefore this letter might represent the three generations of the gods in one unit, a Slavic Trimirti perhaps, like Shiva, Brahma, and Vishnu. Notice though that they are still tethered to a lower ligature identical to the lower half of I (and), which we connected to the idea of time. The ligature appears in Slovo, whose overall circular shape resembles the sun/moon, which was the Earth’s first clock. To me this riddle reads something to the effect of: “I am sound, therefore I am the word”.

120px-Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Tsi.svgCi | Ts (Eng. ??)

Ci is of uncertain translation but some have connected it to the word ‘tsar’ which is a Slavic appellation of the Latin caesar, meaning “ruler”. Since the Croats have a heavy Alanic influence their native equivalent kralj is etymologically linked to the Persian language, so I am unsure about this translation. Looking at the shape we find the curved, tear-drop ligature present on many of the Glagolitic letters such as Glaglju(sound), Zemlja (earth), Dzelo (many), Đerv (wood), Naš (our), On (his/her), Reći (speak) and Uk (end). Beyond these observations, I can find no obvious esoteric interpretation.

150px-Glagolitic_cherv.svgČrv | Ch (Eng. worm)

This letter means “worm” in most Slavic languages. It appears similar to Šta in a lot of ways with the middle ligature split in two, fanning to either side like the forked tongue of a snake creating an enclosure within the trident. The base resembles Ot and thus the snake/ouroboros symbolism is obvious. I connect this letter with zmaje, the dragons of Slavic folklore. These are the monsters who threaten the order imposed by the gods of the Slavic Trimirti.

Glagoljica_Ša.svgŠa | Sha (Eng. with; handful)

If Šta represents the Slavic Trimirti tethered to time, Ša shows the three gods standing alone in their own element, free of time. For me this represents the three gods of the three worlds in one; Rod, Svarog, and Dažbog gloriously unified in one single cosmos.

Glagolitic_Letter_Square_Yeri.svgJer | Yeh (Eng. because)

Jer is the word for “because” in Serbo-Croatian. It is pronounced “YEH” and is used to spell words like “yesterday”. This is essentially the letter I that we connected to the Wheel of the Tarot deck, with an added ligature on the left-hand side. Perhaps this letter speaks to the “why?” question of the Slavonic mysteries. To me this is the symbol for Prav.


Jerj | Yuh (Eng. by)

Jerj might connect to the Serbo-Croatian word for “by”. It is pronounced “YUH” and is used to spell words like “lasagna”. Again, this is the letter I with a ligature on the left-hand side except it forms a box. This letter might speak to the “who?” question of the Slavonic mysteries. This, to me, is a symbol for Nav.


Jat | Yah (Eng. flock)

Jat means “flock” in many Slavic languages. It is pronounced “YAH” and used to spell words like “yacht”. I have seen other renditions of this letter that look a lot like Đerv (wood/tree). This brings to mind the Vila and Vensa spirits of the forest that were welcomed with cakes and milk upon the arrival of migratory birds in spring. This letter could also represent the Alknost or Firebird of Slavic folklore.


Jus | Yoo (Eng. ??)

Jus is of uncertain meaning. It is pronounced “YOO” and is used to spell words like “milieu”. It’s shape resembles an inverse Ša enclosed at an angle. If Ša symbolizes the unadulterated emanation of the Slavic Trimirti, might this represent the harnessing, or drawing down of said holy powers? Just a thought…



My holiday in Luzern


I can describe my holiday in only one word: WONDERFUL. Given that the weather wasn’t really cold, unfortunately it was cloudy and the photos aren’t very colored. I think I will come back in Switzerland and in Luzern one day. It is a very beautiful town sorrounded by  snowy mountains with very good chocolate and treats and with lovely and original craft shops.   I place here some photos that I have in my tablet.

My ticket



Luzern ‘s Lake during the night



….and during the day



A peculiar church on the lakeshore



Another view



Krone hotel: i love this hotel. It is in the center, in the heart, of the town, very close to the train station. They are really kind and speak english, french and german.  My room was hot, little and very, very, very cleaned.



During the last day my boyfriend and I visited a small park with an old castle


Another view of the Lake



From the top of the world



The Sleeping Lion is the symbol of the town



We visited some interesting museums. Near to train station there is the Kunstmuseum Luzern, in the center, near to the Sleeping Lion there is a speleologic museum. It is very nice and it’s about an old glacier. Inside there are some ancient artifacts and the famous Venus of Willendorf. In the suburbs there is the natural museum with some stones, stuffed animal and….bugs. I could only appreciate the butterfly because I am really disgusted by insects.


In the end I tasted the famous macarons . Well…I am  little disappointed. They are really nice and colored but…too sweet. I bought 4 macarons: pistachio, raspberry, vanilla and Bayles. Vanilla and Bayle were good and while I was eating my treats I was on the wonderful Luzern’s Lake.




Unfortunately I have no more photos on the tablet, expect some not very interesting photos of me and my boyfriend. I am sorry if the photos are not wonderful but I am not a great photographer (and my camera is too old). I hope that you like this post and the next week i will write something new. Unfortunately I have to write my thesis and above all I have to study for my State Exam….and it is not very easy. Luckily my trip in Switzerland relaxed me a lot. And you? Have you done some nice holiday somewhere ? HAve you ever visited Switzerland?

See you soon  😘






Slavic Paganism – Part 1

Symbol of slavic neopaganism

When I realized that my life needed to find its way in Neopaganism I tried to study some Phanteon. I was looking for my Gods, tradition and way of life.  When I was 6/7 years old I had a passion for the Egyptian  but when I tried to insert them in my spiritual life I realized that they are too far away  from me, given that I am very linked to my European roots.  I began an extensive research of myths , legends and Pagan Gods. I was looking for  myself, more than a religion . I was really young, 14/15 years old, and I was in the middle of adolescence. i had many doubts, not only about the Gods, but especially about myself and about my personality.

The truth is that we have not to choose our gods, but we have to wait a kind of “Call”.

Slowly I found my way, and I found it in Slavic Gods, that with their stories, their characteristics and the aura of mistery that still  sorround them, they penetrated my heart. Even if the slavic phanteon is enough intricate I immediately felt tied to the controversial figure of God Veles, in fact He represented exactly what I had always imagined for a God. Intelligence, strenght, magic, a mischievous nature, the lust for power. He is a guide for the souls  of deads and He is the protector of Magicians, musicians and livestock. Given that I am linked not only to the worship of Ancestor, but also ad the horned gods, I realized that Veles was calling me from a long time. My story with the Goddess was more difficult. I have some difficulty to express my femminility and I am more linked with the protective power of a God…therefore I found some obstacles to connecte me to Goddess. After some months  of study and researches I found in me a little wild and primitive nature and in my life arrived Devana. Although the information about Her derived from a  Roman\Greek contamination, now in my practice there is Devana, Veles’s wife and the Goddess of hunt and woods. With this article I hope to give a little visibility to the ancient slavic beliefs and maybe I will help someone to find his way.

Slavic Cosmology

A fairly typical cosmological concept among speakers of Indo-European languages, that of the World Tree, is also present in Slavic mythology. It is either an oak tree, or some sort of pine tree. The mythological symbol of the World Tree was a very strong one, and survived throughout the Slavic folklore for many centuries after Christianisation.

tree of life

Three levels of the universe were located on the tree. Its crown represented the sky, the realm of heavenly deities and celestial bodies, while the trunk was the realm of mortals. They were sometimes combined together in opposition to the roots of the tree, which represented the underworld, the realm of the dead. The pattern of three realms situated vertically on the axis mundi of the World Tree parallels the horizontal, geographical organization of the world. The world of gods and mortals was situated in the center of the earth, encircled by a sea, across which lay the land of the dead, to where birds would fly every winter and return from in spring. [Irij] In many folkloric accounts, the concepts of going across the sea(idit) versus coming from across the sea (dolazit) are equated with dying versus returning to life. This echoes an ancient mythological concept that the afterlife is reached by crossing over a body of water. Additionally, on the horizontal axis, the world was also split; in this case by four cardinal points, representing the four wind directions (north, east, south, west).

  • Jav is the material world in which we are right now. Gods, however, are equally part of Jav that is contained with Nav
  • Nav is the immaterial world, the world of the dead. Stars, which are the souls of the dead, as well as Svarga and Irij, are parts of Nav.
  • Prav represents the Laws governing the world

On the summit of the tree there is the Svarga , a kind of paradise where live Svarog and Divinity that do not belong to the Underworld. The trunk is the world of living creatures , and in the roots of the tree, in the Underworld, there are Veles, Chernobog , Morana and Zmaj , which was used as a plow from God Perun to separate worlds .

Svarga: God Perun Trunk: our world Underworld: God Veles

Slavic Deities

Rod: The birth-giver, creator of all existent. The Supreme god


It is the mystery of creation. The creation of the world is one of the first questions of the human being. Rod is the creator, he is all that exists, and was born by itself. At the beginning it was only darkness, and Rod was like a gem, trapped in the shell. When He gave love to the goddess Lada the shell was broken and came out the love. This description of the universe is very near to the Big Bang theory. He  cut the umbilical codon and Rod  started to separate the water from sky. He created the earth. He separeted light from darkness, Nav from Jav, good from evil.  Rod is the creator of all Gods. At the end He created the celestial bodies, nature and natural phenomena from his body. He made the sun from his face, the moon from his chest, the stars from the eyes, the sunrise and sunset from his forehead, the dark night by the depth of his thoughts, from his breath the wind, rain, snow and the ice from his tears, the thunder and lightning from his voice. Rod created the Cow Zemun and the Goat Sedunj. Their milk was scattered and was created the Milky Way. Svarog completed the creation of the world, putting 12 pillars to support the celestial sphere. Some sources say that Rod created the Alatir stone with which he created the milk of life.

Symbol of Rod

Alatir remained in the Milky Ocean and from the sea foam was created the Duck Sveta, that lait the birth of many other Gods. Rod is the  protector of the harvests , of Birth and family . These words in almost slavic languages ​​have their roots in word “Rod” . Rodak , Cousin, Rodbina, Relatives , Porod , Birth, Priroda , Nature , Narod , People.  Rod is the  protector of the people , of the ties of blood and clan . Rod  is everywhere around us.

Svarog: God of fire, sometimes described as a smith god.

Svarog is the father and creator of the continuous creation of the world, after Rod. The entire sky corresponds to a wheel that is turned by Perun, the brother of Svarog and contains the twelve zodiacal constellations, symbolizing the twelve great gods. According to legend, when Svarog ended with the creation of the world, he took his wife Bozena Vida and brought her to the ground to show his work.


While Svarog admired his work, his wife slept under the branches of a tree. In the dream she saw that in the world there were creature similar to her and the husband. When she told her dream Svarog explained her that the world will be governed by earthly creatures similar to them. Svarog created people from two trees. These people were silent and lifeless. Then Svarog gave birth to the first, while the Goddess gave birth to the second. Svarog created a man and called him Dobravko while Bozena Vida  created  a woman called Ljubljanka. Svarog ordered to the humans to live together on the earth and everyone of them would have to create their own destiny. Svarog also made the wedding ring, and so became the protector of marriage. He teached to people how to work the steel. He has an eagle on his chest, his hands holds two scepters, which have the appearance of the sun . On the head he has an helmet with buffalo horns. The day dedicated to Svarog was Tuesday. Svarog was always rappresented with an hammer in his large hand. The place where people worshipped  Svarog was the fireplace . His animals are the eagles. Slavic often swore on Svarog and sun. Svarog was considered the guardian of order, in heaven and on earth.

Svetovid: God of war, fertility and abundance

Svetovid was worshipped in the island Rujan, where, in the city of Arkona ancient Slavs built a magnificent Temple dedicated to Svetovid. It was made by wood and painted with scenes of battles. The chroniclers described the statue of Svetovid as frightening,  eight meters high and with four heads. Every head looked in a different direction. Svetovid looked in all the four sides of the world. To Svetovid belonged the White Horse that lived in the Temple, and only the priest could care for it. The Villagers (island Rujan) believed that during the night Svetovid rode his horse, because every morning they found the horse sweaty and muddy.The White Horse of Svetovid was used by the priest for a very particular ritual. In front of the horse the pirest placed a group of spears. If the horse started to walk on the spears with its right paw the villagers belived that they could win the battle. The Slavs have always respected the outcome of the forecast, because it meant that the battle or another event was in the Svetovid’s will.

Khors: God of the winter sun, healing, survival, and the triumph of health over illness

Khors is the God of the WInter Sun and He represents the Old Sun that are progressively more weak, and died during the Day of Korochun, the Winter Solstice. He is defeated by the dark forces of Chernobog. Khors is raised again during December [23], during the Day of Kholeda. During the Solstice Winter in the honor of God people danced in chain. It is called “horo”, “kolo” in reformed Serbian. He is the God of medicine, survival and of the triumph of health over illness and Death.

Ozwiena : Goddess of echo, gossip, fame and glory

 Oźwiena is the Goddess of  Echo and his figure is connected to the disclosure of secrets and actions of men . As Goddess of gossip is able to hear even the most faint whispers and she is unable to keep a secret.  She scatters and tells the talk of lovers and private conversations .As Goddess of fame and glory spreade in the world the story  of heroes and kings , and she is to Peklenc service. She spreads on the Earth the screams of the damned as a warning to the living.

Dazbog: Sun god, possibly a culture hero and a source of wealth and power

Dazbog was considered a deity who “gives”, as expressed by its name. The first part of the name, Daz, is “give” which is a form of the verb “to give”, and the second part Bog, is “god.” But what exactly  gives Dazbog? Probably he gives the Sun and the sunlight, that were really important and sacred for the ancient Slavs.  In fact the sun gives life to the earth, and so the god of the Sun is one that “give”. It is the solar disk. In all medieval writings which mentions the Slavs, it is always mentioned somewhere. Dazbog was considered the patron deity of the home and for the human being the fire and the sun were necessary to survive trought the Winters. However, the fire could be cruel. The fire could take the humans into the world of the dead, or destroying his properties. Fire’ s protection was essential for survival and many rituals are connected with it. Dazbog was certainly also the god of rain. One of his names is “Daždbo” and “dažd” in many Slavic languages ​​(Slovak, Czech, Russian, Polish …) means rain. The rain was important because it feeded harvest. If the season was dry, they practiced various rituals to invoke rain.  No one knows for sure how many children had Svarog, but it is quite certain that Dazbog was one of them. Some authors (Vyacheslav Vsevolod and Vladimir Toporov)  only cite two, Svarozic and Dazbog. Other authors belived that his children are Perun, Svetovid, Dazbog and Veles. According to the ancient beliefs the Sun during the day is in the sky but during the night he slept in the realm of the dead. Every mornings Dazbog is coming back to sky on a white horse. In the evening he perishes and goes in the underworld. In the morning he rebornes again, and again and again. This cycle of death and rebirth in very common in many pagan religions.

 Peklenc: God of the underground and a divine judge

Peklenc is The Lord of the subsoil and the divine judges . It governs the subterranean fire in which are formed stones and metals . Cruel men and impietose people were turned into stones , the quarrelsome into wolves , and who had no compassion for others was transformed into a creature that fed on its own body . Men who lived in  injustice received a basilisk. The earth opened and  swallowed cities

Percunatele: mother of thunders

She is the thunder Goddess, mother of Perun

Perperuna: wife of thunders

She is the wife of Perun and she’s joined to rain. With her symbol, the viper, she’s the keeper of the house. Perperuna is the Goddess of drink, water, rain and changing fortunes.

Perun: God of thunder and lightning

Perun is the god of the atmosphere , of the material and immaterial sky. Perun is one of the most powerful Slavic gods . It punishes disloyalty and all the bad people . It is related to justice as any deity who has ties with Jupiter.

perunHe could close the door of Haven to wicked people, and often he used the lightning. The Perun name comes from the suffix ” -un ” or ” -unj ” (- yнь) , which means “one who has to take an action ,” and ” -per” the means to hit , to destroy. So Perun means   “The one who strikes , shatters and thunders ” and even ” the god of destruction and demolition” . That’s why he has the power to unleash natural disasters . When Perun cross the sky on his charot, the noise of the weel is the thundes. In the statues he is depicted as a strong, bearded man. He is a warrior in armor. Perun is also represented with a sword that can transform everything in stones. He also possessed the golden apples. Some legends tell of a tremendous battle between Perun and his brother Veles. His animal was a fiery rooster, a sort of Slavic Fenice. His symbols are the ax, the hammer, the arrow, the wagon, the horse, the oak and the mountain. He fights against demons, his wife is Perperuna, the mother is Percunatele and he is represented with silver hair. He is hidden in the guise of a man, a horse, a stone or a fish with red eyes. To him are attributed the belemmiti and fulgurites and they are called tones of Perun. They protect from bad luck, from  misfortunes and evils.

Simargl:  God of fire and family

Simargl was the god of fire, element primarily related to the family and hearth, considered a sacred place for the ancient Slavs . The reasons are several . The fire was the physical and spiritual center which joined together the entire family , a place where they prepared and consumed the food and where they carried out religious activities . The fire and the fireplace were considered the source of heat , and place of community life . Under the fire they buried the family , which is why this place was associated with the spirits of the hearth and Ancestors . In the hearth lived Domovoj – the spirit that protects the house and family . Simargl is depicted as a dog , a snake or a dragon . And he is the God of fertility  , of sexuality , and of harvest

Jarilo: God of war, vegetation, fertility and spring; also associated with harvest

Jarilo was depicted as a young man dressed in white , with long blond curls , barefoot, and with a white horse. His feat is between 21 and 27 March and it was a celebration of the end of winter and the return of spring , and the rebirth of life .


The Jarilo funerals were celebrated the end of June , after the festival of summer solstice. Radoslav Katičić and Vitomir Belaj attempted to reconstruct the mythology surrounding Jarilo. According to these authors, he was a fairly typical life-death-rebirth deity, believed to be (re)born and killed every year. His mythical life cycle followed the yearly life of various wheat plants, from seeding through vegetation to harvest. Jarilo was a son of the supreme Slavic god of thunder, Perun, his lost, missing, tenth son, born on the last night of February, the festival of Velja Noć (Great Night), the pagan Slavic celebration of the New Year On the same night, however, Jarilo was stolen from his father and taken to the world of the dead, where he was adopted and raised by Veles, Perun’s enemy, Slavic god of the underworld and cattle. The Slavs believed the underworld to be an ever-green world of eternal spring and wet, grassy plains, where Jarilo grew up guarding the cattle of his stepfather. In the mythical geography of ancient Slavs, the land of the dead was assumed to lie across the sea, where migrating birds would fly every winter. With the advent of spring, Jarilo returned from the underworld, that is, bringing spring and fertility to the land. Spring festivals of Jurjevo/Jarilo that survived in later folklore celebrated his return. Katičić identified a key phrase of ancient mythical texts which described this sacred return of vegetation and fertility as a rhyme hoditi/roditi  (to walk/to give birth to), which survived in folk songs:

…Gdje Jura/Jare/Jarilo hodit, tam vam polje rodit…
“…Where Jura/Jare/Jarilo walks, there your field gives birth…”

The first of the gods to notice Jarilo’s return to the living world was Morana, a goddess of death and nature, and also a daughter of Perun and Jarilo’s twin-sister. The two of them would fall in love and court each other through a series of traditional, established rituals, imitated in various Slavic courting or wedding customs. The divine wedding between brother and sister, two children of the supreme god, was celebrated in a festival of summer solstice, today variously known as Ivanje or Ivan Kupala in the various Slavic countries. This sacred union of Jarilo and Morana, deities of vegetation and of nature, assured abundance, fertility and blessing to the earth, and also brought temporary peace between two major Slavic gods, Perun and Veles, signifying heaven and underworld. Thus, all mythical prerequisites were met for a bountiful and blessed harvest that would come in late summer.  However, since Jarilo’s life was ultimately tied to the vegetative cycle of the cereals, after the harvest (which was ritually seen as a murder of crops), Jarilo also met his death. The myth explained this by the fact that he was unfaithful to his wife, and so she (or her father Perun, or his other nine sons, her brothers) kills him in retribution. This rather gruesome death is in fact a ritual sacrifice, and Morana uses parts of Jarilo’s body to build herself a new house. Without her husband, however, Morana turns into a frustrated old hag, a terrible and dangerous goddess of death, frost and upcoming winter, and eventually dies by the end of the year. At the beginning of the next year, both she and Jarilo are born again, and the entire myth starts anew.

Belobog:The God; speculated to be a god of light and sunbelobog

He is represented as a good God , characterized by goodness and he is a man dressed in white with a beard and long hair. He is a reconstructed Slavic deity of light and Sun, the counterpart of dark and cursed Chernobog (Black God). It is uncertain whether such a deity was ever worshipped by polytheist Slavs, as there are no reliable historic records which mention this name

Jarovit: the God of war

Jarovit is the god of war in Slavic mythology and its name comes from Jaru , strong.  Jarilo and Jarovit are very joined together, probably at the beginning they were a unique divinity.

Chernobog:The Black God; speculated to be the oppositeof Belobog

He is a Slavic deity, whose name means black god, about whom much has been speculated but little can be said definitively. The name is attested only among West Slavic tribes of the 12th century, hence it is speculated that he was not a very important or very old deity.


Someone assumed him to be the counterpart of Belobog. One historic source on Slavic mythology mentioning this god is the 12th-century Chronica Slavorum, a work written by German priest Helmold which describes customs and beliefs of several Wendish and Polabian tribes who were still pagans. Helmold wrote that:

The Slavs, too, have a strange delusion. At their feasts and carousals they pass about a bowl over which they utter words, I should not say of consecration but of execration, in the name of the gods — of the good one, as well as of the bad one — professing that all propitious fortune is arranged by the good god, adverse, by the bad god. Hence, also, in their language they call the bad god Diabol, or Zcerneboch, that is, the black god.

A veneration of this deity perhaps survived in folklore of several Slavic nations. In some South Slavic vernaculars, there exists the phrase do zla boga (meaning “to [the] evil god,” or perhaps “to [the] evil [of] God”), used as an attribute to express something which is exceedingly negative

Radegast: God of hospitality, fertility and crops

He is is an old god of Slavic mythology. Since the name can be etymologised as meaning something like “ joyful guest.” from the Slavic “rad” the root word of “radosc” = joy, happiness. Radegast was proclaimed as the Slavic god of hospitality. Myths concerning him were constructed based on various folk customs of sacred hospitality. According to Slavic legends, Radegast was beloved by Hors, described as the beautiful young goddess of the moon. However he ignored her, unlike the god of the wind Stribog, who loved her. Stribog secretly stole Radegast’s cloak and towards morning he sneaked into Hors chamber, where she let him seduce her and got her pregnant. Radegast was outraged, but not because of Hors rather for the stolen coat. Hors felt cheated and lonely. She begged for mercy for her newborn girl and suggested that she could be a goddess of autumn, but the main god Svarog disagreed and the dispute was not settled. As a result this season does not have a goddess and the goddess Živa fights over it with the goddess Marzanna. In one hand he held the ax, in the other , the bread and salt . Bread and salt are the symbols of hospitality in the Slavic countries.  Radgost was the god of hospitality of businesses , of travelers,  and of foreigners.

Porvata: the God of woods

Porvata is the god of the woods ; he has no idol or image ; but it manifests itself in all of the primeval forest . His sacred day is Tuesday, and is connected with Midsummer

Stribog: God and spirit of the winds, sky and air

He is the god and spirit of the winds, sky and air; he is said to be the ancestor (grandfather) of the winds of the eight directions.  In rural reality is still possible to hear the farmers say “If the wind is’ calm is why now Stribog is playing the flute.” Part of the name indicates that it is a divinity, because the name contains the word god (bog).  The first part of the name, “stri” indicates the role of Stribog: One that extends. It was depicted as an old man who had a warrior horn and lived on the side of light in the deep woods or on an island in the sea or ocean. With this horn woke up the vent. For these characteristics many military commanders considered Stribog their idol. The sailors prayed the god to give wind to their sails. The main temples of Stribog were on islands in the sea or in rivers.  The merchants led to Stribog wonderful and precious gift, before to go in the open sea. According to legend, Stribog was the protector of Vesna (goddess of spring). As God of air and wind each Springs accompained Vensna on the wings of spring breeze. Together they brought to the world warmth and better living condition. His animal is an eagle.

This is the first part about Slavic mithology. During this week I will translate the second [and probably the last] part of Slavic Deities. I will write something even about creatures, spirits and demons but I think it will be separeted from the articles about Deities and I have to write it also in italian.

What do you think about this articles? Do you have curiosity or somthing to add? I am sorry if I make mistakes but I hope everything is understandable!

I hope you enjoyed it and…see you soon!!


italian blog :

Who is Aglaia?

There was a time when the lights were turned off . When there were no singings , if not whispered . A time when we forgot who we were .
It ‘ s time to rekindle the fires !

Hello  everybody! I am Aglaia Hirschlauf and if you are arrived here propably  you are looking for something about Neopaganism or Wicca.  Well…you are in the right place!!

This is not my first blog but this is a translation of my ” Il Cerchio della Strega”, thant in English is : The Witch’s Circle. My italian blog it’s not famous or with a lot of followers but I have noticed that I get  some visits from foreigners country: France, UK, Russia, Canada and from Eastern Europe. So I decided to translate my blog. My mother toungue it is not English so please, forgive me for grammar mistakes or strange phrases or absurde words. And, if you want, leave me a commet. I will be very very very happy to answer to you!!

Naturally the translation won’t be immediate, but progressive. I have to translate a lot of things and at the same time I have to finish my Thesis. For the moment in my italian blog I have to write about the Moon, Esbat and Sabba, and I want to write something about Runes and Tarots, Spirit Work and…many other things.

I start my spiritual path 10 years ago, when I was only 12 years old. My mother bought to me a wonderful book of Raymond Buckland: Il Libro delle Streghe. In English probably it is: The Witch’s Book. It was about Wicca and given that I am not a wiccan I advice to everyone to read it.  I did not practice until my 14 years old, and I bought a lot of books to undestard in what I believe and, above all, Who I was.  In my mother family no one judged me or criticized my spiritual life because we are a really multiethnic family. I have relatives in Germany, Spain and Switzerland, and in my mother family you can find Protestants, Jews , Muslims and Occultists, and we live in armony. In Italy, a very bigoted country, a lot of young neopaganists have to fight against their family. I am not Wiccan, even if in my practice I have some its influences. I am an Eclectic Witch and I am following the Slavic Neopaganism: I am devoting to Veles and his wife Devana. I will write about it in my next post. Unfortunately it is not famous and many people completely ignore the Slalvic’s Tradition.

My name in the Art is Aglaia Hirschlauf. Aglaia is aligned with my birth’s number and Hirschlauf is composed by two german words: Hirsch [deer], and Lauf [to run]. We can understand it as: Aglaia who runs with deer. I have choose this name because I am really linked with deers. Sometimes I use Aglaia Rundeer, because english is easier than german for a lot of people.

In my life I am a florentine girl and I live with my mum, my cat Neve and during the week end with my boyfriend. I am 22 years old and for the moment I am studying at the University. In May I will finish it and I’ll be a nurse. I hope that I can work in Florence but probably I will move to UK or Switzerland.  At the moment I am in Luzern for a wonderful holiday, I will probably publish here some photos!

See you soon!!!

Italian blog:

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